10th Earl of Arundel, 9th Earl of Surrey Richard  FitzAlan, de Arundel

10th Earl of Arundel, 9th Earl of Surrey Richard FitzAlan, de Arundel

Male Abt 1313 - 1376  (~ 63 years)

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  • Name Richard FitzAlan 
    Title 10th Earl of Arundel, 9th Earl of Surrey 
    Suffix de Arundel 
    Born Abt 1313  Arundel Castle, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 24 Jan 1376  Arundel Castle, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I4665  avefamily
    Last Modified 26 Nov 2018 

    Father Edmund FitzAlan,   b. 1 May 1285, Marlborough Castle, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Nov 1326, Hereford, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years) 
    Mother Alice de Warenne,   b. Abt Jun 1287, Warren, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 23 May 1338, Arundel Castle, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Married Aft 30 Dec 1304 
    Family ID F1489  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Eleanor Plantagenet, Countess of Arundel and Surrey, de Arundel,   b. 11 Sep 1318, Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Jan 1372, Arundel Castle, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Richard FitzAlan,   b. 25 Mar 1346, Arundel, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1397, Cheapside, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
    Last Modified 26 Nov 2018 
    Family ID F1488  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Sir Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and 9th Earl of Surrey

      Nickname: Copped Hat
      Titles of Sir Richard de Arundel[1]

      of the Castle and Honour of Arundel, Sussex, and Oswestry, Shropshire
      Chief Butler of England
      Constable of Chirk Castle 1333
      Chief Justiciar of North Wales 1334
      Privy Councillor 1334
      Constable of Portchester Castle 1336
      Governor of Caernarvon Castle 1339
      Sheriff of Caernarvonshire 1339
      Admiral of the West 1340-1, 1345-7
      Joint Warden of the Marches toward Scotland 1342
      Joint Lieutenant of Aquitaine 1344
      Sheriff of Shropshire 1345-8
      Chief Warden for cos. Surrey and Sussex 1352
      Joint Guardian and Lieutenant of England 1355
      Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel[2]
      9th Earl of Surrey[3]
      Knight of the Garter[4]
      Born aft. 1307[5]
      Died 24 Jan 1375/6 Arundel. Age 70; buried Lewes.[6][7]
      Parents
      Edmund Fitzlan and Alice Warrene[8][9]
      Marriage
      1321: married Isabel[10] 09 Feb 1320/1 King's Chapel at Havering-atte-Bower. Annulled 4 Dec 1344. Issue: bastardized[11][12][13] Issue:
      Edmund married before July 1349, Sibyl[12][14][15]
      married: 2nd Eleanor of Lancaster[16][12] 05 Feb 1344/5 Ditton[17] Issue:
      Richard, Earl of Arundel[18][19]
      John, died 15 Dec. 1379[20][21] Marshal of England 1377;[22] summoned to parliament 4 Aug 1377 by writ Johanni de Arundell ( served1st to 3rd Richard II). * married Eleanor Mautravers[23]
      Thomas Arundel - Bishop of Ely, Archbishop of York, Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Chancellor of England. He crowned King Henry IV in Westminster Abbey in 1399. He crowned Henry V in Westminster Abby in 1413. [24]
      Joane[25] married Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford[8] [26]
      Alice[25] married Thomas Holand, 2nd Earl of Kent [27]
      Mary (d. before 1376)[28] m. John, Lord Strange, of Blackmere. Mary Is not recognized by Douglas Richardson.[29] We show Mary as Richard's sister.[30]
      Eleanor (d. before 1376)[28] married Robert, son of William de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk.[31] Is not recognized by Douglas Richardson[32]
      Eleanor de Arundel, daughter of Richard FitzAlan and Unknown mistress, married about 1348 John de Bereford. They had no children. She died before her husband, who died in 1356.[32]
      Death and burial of Sir Richard de Arundel
      "Sir Richard de Arundel, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, died at Arundel 24 Jan. 1375/6. He left a will dated 5 Dec. 1375, proved 22 October 1376. He and his wife Eleanor, were buried at Lewes Priory, Sussex.[1]
      Note. Lewes Priory was more formally known as the Priory of St. Pancras.
      "The Arundel Tomb in the North Aisle of Chichester Cathedral was brought from Lewes Priory after its dissolution in 1537. It is a tomb chest, with on top the recumbent figures of Richard Fitzalan, earl of Arundel and his second wife, Eleanor of Lancaster. On the side of the tomb are shields. Originally the whole tomb was probably painted, with the figures resplendent and the shields showing the coats of arms of the couple."[33] The memorial effigy of Eleanor and Richard Fitz Alan was the inspiration for Philip Larkin's "An Arundel Tomb"[34] written in 1964[35] (this blog has "An Arundel Tomb" and several images; see also Chicester Cathedral's page on the Arundel Tomb).
      Timeline
      1326: Father's execution deprives him of succession to title and estates.[8]
      1330-31: Restored by parliament[36] ... Earl of Arundel[37]
      1334: Justiciar of North Wales[8]
      7 Edward III [1334]: Gov. Chirke Castle, co. Denbigh[38]
      1339: Gov. Carnarvon Castle
      1345: Sheriff of Salop for life
      1340-41 and 1345-47: Admiral of the West
      1346: commanded 2nd division at Battle of Crécy[12]
      1347: assisted taking of Calais[12]
      30 Jun 1347: inherited Warenne family estates after maternal uncle John, Earl of Surrey and Sussex[39] died.[12]
      1349-50: Settled castle, town, and manor of Arundel on himself and Eleanor[12][40]
      1361: Earl of Surrey[41][12]
      12 Apr 1366: settled Warenne estates on issue.[12]
      Timeline
      By Prof. Thomas Frederick Tout[42]
      14th Edward III [1341]: embarked in French wars[43]

      1330: after Mortimer's fall of Mortimer, petitioned to be reinstated, and, after some delay, was restored in blood and to the greater part of Earl Edmund's possessions (_Rot. Parl._ ii. 50). But forbidden to avenge father by private war against John Charlton, first lord Charlton of Powys (_ib._ ii. 60).

      1331: obtained castle of Arundel from heirs of Edmund, earl of Kent.[44]

      1334: received Mortimer's castle of Chirk; made justice of North Wales[45]

      Arundel took a conspicuous part in nearly every important war of Edward III's long reign.

      1336: After surrendering 'hereditary right' to stewardship of Scotland to Edward for a thousand marks,[46] he was made in 1337 joint commander of the English army in the north.

      Early 1338: he and Salisbury incurred no small opprobrium by their signal failure to capture Dunbar[47]

      25 April: elevated to sole command, with full powers to treat with the Scots for truce or peace,[48] of which he availed himself to conclude a truce, as his duty now compelled him to follow the king to Brabant,[49] where he landed at Antwerp on 13 Dec.[50]

      Jan 1340 parliament: nominated admiral of ships at Portsmouth and the west that were to assemble at Mid Lent[51]

      24 June: comported himself 'loyaly and nobly' at the Battle of Sluys, and was one of the commissioners sent by Edward from Bruges in July to acquaint parliament with news and to explain to it king's financial necessities[52]

      Later the same year he took part in siege of Tournay[53]

      1342: at feast given by Edward III in honor of Countess of Salisbury; [54] Warden of the Scottish marches in conjunction with the Earl of Huntingdon; Oct: accompanied Edward to Brittany,[55] and was left to besiege Vannes[56] while the bulk of the army advanced to Rennes.

      Jan 1343: truce put an end to the siege, and in July Arundel was sent on a mission to Avignon.

      1344: appointed, with Henry, earl of Derby, lieutenant of Aquitaine, where the French war had broken out; and at the same time was commissioned to treat with Castile, Portugal, and Aragon[57]

      February 1345 - 47: reappointed admiral of the west[58]

      1346: accompanied Edward on his great expedition to northern France (Froissart, iii. 130), and commanded the second of the three divisions into which the English host was divided at Crecy[59] He was afterwards with Edward at the siege of Calais[60]

      1348 and 1350: commissions to treat with pope at Avignon[61]

      1350: took part in the famous naval battle with the Spaniards off Winchelsea[62]

      1351: employed in Scotland to arrange for a final peace and the ransom of King David[63]

      1354: negotiator of a proposed truce with France, at a conference held under papal mediation at Guines (_ib._ iii. 253), but on the envoys proceeding to Avignon (_ib._ iii. 283), to obtain the papal ratification, it was found that no real settlement had been arrived at, and Innocent VI was loudly accused of treachery (_Cont. Murimuth, p. 184). In 1355 Arundel was one of the regents during the king's absence from England[64]

      1357: negotiating in Scotland

      1358: embassy head to Wenzel, duke of Luxembourg (_ib._ iii. 392).

      August 1360: joint commissioner in completing ratifications of treaty of Bretigny.

      1362: a commissioners to prolong truce with Charles of Blois[65]

      1364: engaged in diplomacy (_ib._ iii. 747).

      The declining years of Arundel's life were spent in comparative seclusion from public affairs.

      1365: maliciously cited to papal court by William de Lenne, foreign bishop of Chichester, with whom he was on bad terms. Supported by Edward in resistance to the bishop, whose temporalities were ultimately siezed by the crown. He now perhaps enlarged the castle of Arundel[66]

      1372: last military exploit - perhaps his share in expedition for relief of Thouars.

      after 1353: possessed vast wealth, especially when he succeeded, by right of his mother, to earldom of Warenne or Surrey. frequently aided Edward III in financial difficulties by large advances ... in 1370 Edward was more than twenty thousand pounds in his debt. Yet at his death Arundel left behind over ninety thousand marks in ready money, nearly half of which was stored up in bags in the high tower of Arundel,[67] where is a curious inventory of all his personal property at his death.

      One of Arundel's last acts was to become, with Bishop William of Wykeham, a general attorney for John of Gaunt during his journey to Spain (_F?dera_, iii. 1026).

      Sources
      ? 1.0 1.1 Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2013), Vol. II p. 606-610; Vol. III p. 486
      ? restored 1331 (confirmation 1351 and 1354), getting Arundel Castle back also Dec 1330-31 from the widow of Edmund Earl of Kent
      ? after death of maternal uncle the 8th Earl of Surrey's widow 31 Aug 1361, Richard assumed title
      ? Tout: contracted in youth
      ? Tout: had castle of Arundel -- given to Edmund, Earl of Kent, the king's uncle -- rendered to him, thus became 9th earl; "FITZALAN, RICHARD II, Earl of Arundel and Warenne (1307?-1376), son of Edmund Fitzalan, earl of Arundel, and his wife, Alice Warenne, was born not before 1307.
      ? #ODNB
      ? Will date: 5 Dec 1375. Complete Peerage I:242-4, XIV:38, transcribed by Dave Utzinger; Tout: died 24 Jan. 1376. will dated 5 Dec. 1375: directed that his body should be buried without pomp in the chapter-house of Lewes priory, by the side of his second wife, and founded a perpetual chantry in the chapel of St. George's within Arundel Castle (Nicolas, _Testamenta Vetusta_, pp. 94-6); Will of Richard (c1313-1376) 10th Lord Arundal is in Testamenta Vetusta, the editor thereof states that the only issue he had by Isabel le Despencer was a daughter Philippa who married Sir Richard Serjeaux of Cornwall, knigh; Will states issue as Richard; Thomas [Ed. Bishop of Ely]; John [Ed. Maltravers]; Joane [Ed. wife of Humphrey Bohun, KG, earl of Hereford] and Alice [Ed. married Thomas Holland earl of Kent]. Also makes bequests to Henry and Edward, younger sons of my son John [Lord Maltravers] and also William another of his sons. [Ref: Adrian Channing msg to SGM]
      ? 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Prof. Thomas Frederick Tout
      ? eldest son Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (8th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) and Alice de Warenne. Maternal grandparents: William de Warenne and Joan de Vere. William was the only son of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey.
      ? Tout: cements alliance between his father and favorites of Edward II (Tout); Father: Hugh le Despenser the younger, [Lord le Despenser 1st Lord (Baron) le Despenser 29 July 1314 creation] and Eleanor, daughter and co-heir of Gilbert [de Clare], Earl of Gloucester.
      ? papal annulment 1344 on the grounds of his minority and of his never willingly consented to the match.
      ? 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 12.8 The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest, by Jim Weber, rootsweb.com
      ? Tout: 1345: repudiated wife, Isabella, on the ground that he had never consented to marriage, and, having obtained papal recognition of nullity, married Eleanor, widow of Lord Beaumont, and daughter of Henry, 3rd earl of Lancaster. This may have prevented him sharing in the warlike exploits of his new brother-in-law, Derby, in Aquitaine.
      ? daughter of William Montagu, Earl of Salisbury; Knighted 1352, living 1377; note names 2 dau: Philippa, dau of Edmund ... granddaughter of Richard, and Isabel, was to be named Mary & was a dau of Richard's father Edmund, making her a sister of Richard; 1345 divorced; errors in Complete Peerage: Arundel; Vol 1, pp. 244, note b (corrected in vol 14): By Isabel, Richard Fitz Alan, 10th Earl of Arundel (d.1375/6) had 2 children. (1) Edmund m., before July 1349, Sibyl, da. of William (Montagu), Earl of Salisbury (2) Isabel m. John, 4th Lord Strange of Blackmere
      Proposed correction to Complete Peerage, with comment: "in none of the documents bearing on the case [the divorce of Richard from Isabel] is there a mention of daughters". Richard and Isabel later claimed conception of their son was a result of being forced by violence to cohabit. ... The wife of John, 4th Lord Strange of Blackmere, was called Mary not Isabel (see Complete Peerage, volume 12, part 1, p.344), and was a daughter of Edmund, the 9th earl, not Richard, the 10th (see further details at "Some corrections and additions..." at "Some Notes on Medieval English Genealogy").
      ? Magna Carta Ancestry, Vol II, page 188 (Richardson)
      ? live-in mistress before marriage; dau Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud de Chaworth; widow of John, 2nd Baron Beaumont; died 24 Jan 1375/6." [Burke's Peerage]; 1st cousin to his 1st wife, and 2nd cousin once removed to the Earl, died 11 Jan 1372, at Arundel; buried Lewes; born abt 1311, Grismond Castle, Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales. died 11 Jan 1372. Married Arundel, Shropshire
      ? Wikipedia: Eleanor of Lancaster
      ? Successor
      ? "His lordship died in 1376, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Richard Fitz-Alan, 10th [11th] Earl of Arundel." [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 200, Fitz-Alan, Earls of Arundel, Barons Maltravers]
      ? At sea
      ? Magna Carta Ancestry, Vol I, page 30 (Richardson)
      ? According to settlement by Earl Richard in 1347 (_Rot. Parl._ iv. 442), title reverted to marshal's grandson, John VI Fitzalan.
      ? grand-daughter and co-heir of John, Lord Maltravers, in whose right he bore that title
      ? Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol II, page 190
      ? 25.0 25.1 named in will (Tout)
      ? Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol II, page 190
      ? Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol II, page 190
      ? 28.0 28.1 d. before father (Tout)
      ? Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol II, page 190
      ? See also this G2G discussion: "Who is the father of Mary Isabel (Fitzalan-114)" (Fitzalan-114 was merged into FitzAlan-635).
      ? daughter of an unknown mistress[citation needed]
      ? 32.0 32.1 Magna Carta Ancestry, Vol II, page 190 (Richardson)
      ? Arundel Tomb, Chichester Cathedral
      ? Arundel Tomb, Wikipedia
      ? BBC Radio 4, P. D. James' Cultural Exchange
      ? 4th Edward III [1331]
      ? Dec that year obtained restitution of the Castle and Honour of Arundel from widow of John, Earl of Kent, becoming Earl of Arundel
      ? next year had grant of inheritance of that castle, with all territories thereunto belonging, being part of the possessions of Roger Mortimer, the attainted Earl of March; ... soon after made gov of Porchester Castle, and the same year had a command in wars of Scotland, where he continued engaged for some years.
      ? mom's bros.
      ? Tout: By fine levied
      ? On Joan's death - widow of uncle, John, Earl of Surrey -- but not before, assumed title
      ?
      Sources: [Rymer's F?dera, vol. iii, Record edit.; Rolls of Parl. vol. ii.; Dugdale's Baronage, i. 316-18; Doyle's Official Baronage, i. 71-2; Froissart's Chroniques, vols. i-iv. ed. Luce (Société de l'Histoire de France); Murimuth and his Cont. (Engl. Hist. Soc.); Knighton in Twysden, Decem Scriptores; Tierney's Hist. of Arundel, pp. 225-240.) T. F. T.* [Ref: DNB, Editors, Leslie Stephen & Sidney Lee, MacMillan Co, London & Smith, Elder & Co., NY, 1908, vol. vii, pp. 96-8]
      ? Tout: in subsequent campaigns. at siege of Vannes, relief of Thouars, and Battle of Crécy. frequently employed in diplomatic missions, and was esteemed one of the most eminent generals and statesmen of the era.
      ? Tout: These grants were subsequently more than once confirmed (_ib._ ii. 226, 256).
      ? Tout: his large estates in that region gave him considerable local influence.
      ? F?dera_, ii. 952
      ? Knighton, c. 2570; cf. _Liber Pluscardensis_, i. 284, ed. Skene
      ? F?dera_, ii. 1029, 1031
      ? Chron. de Melsa_, ii. 385
      ? Froissaart, i. 417, ed. Luce
      ? Rot. Parl._ ii, 108
      ? ib._ ii. 118 b
      ? Luce, _Chronique des Quartre Premiers Valois_, p. 4, ed. Soc. de l'Histoire de France.
      ? Froissart, iii. 3
      ? ib._ iii. 225
      ? ib._ iii. 227
      ? F?dera_, iii. 8, 9
      ? Nicolas, _Hist. of Royal Navy_, ii. 95
      ? ib. iii. 169, makes him joint commander with Northampton, but Murimuth, p. 166, includes the latter among the leaders of the first line).
      ? Rol. Parl._ ii 163 b
      ? F?dera_, iii. 165, 201
      ? Froissart, iv. 89
      ? F?dera_, iii. 225
      ? F?dera_, iii. 305
      ? iv._ iii. 662
      ? Tierney, _Hist. of Arundel_, p. 239
      ? Harl. MS._ 4840, f. 393
      Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Royal Ancestry series, 2nd edition, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham, (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2011), Vol I, page 30, pp 157-158; Vol II, pp 185-190
      Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 1-20, 22. indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors - Stephen, Sir Leslie, ed.
      FamilySearch (TM) International Genealogical Index v5.0, Intellectual Reserve, Inc., (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints http://www.familysearch.org), Film 458136, Film 1239635, Page 690, Ref 23195, Film 458041, Film 170416, Page 699, Ref 26885.
      Faris, David. Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996.
      Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, (n.d.). N.p. (ODNB)
      Weis, F.L. (1991). The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, (4th ed.). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.