6th Earl of Hereford Humphrey Bohun

6th Earl of Hereford Humphrey Bohun

Male Abt 1200 - 1275  (~ 75 years)

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  • Name Humphrey Bohun 
    Title 6th Earl of Hereford 
    Born Abt 1200  Warwick, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 24 Sep 1275  Chelmsford, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I4576  avefamily
    Last Modified 20 Nov 2018 

    Father Henry de Bohun,   b. Abt 1176, Oaksey, Malmsbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jun 1220, Egypt or Israel, while on Crusade in Holy Land Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years) 
    Mother Maud FitzGeoffrey,   b. Aft 1184, Walden, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Aug 1236, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years) 
    Family ID F1442  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Maud Lusignan,   b. Abt 1208, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Aug 1241, Caundle Haddon, Dorset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 33 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Humphrey Bohun, VI,   b. Abt 1220, Hereford, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Oct 1265, Beeston Castle, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 45 years)
    Last Modified 20 Nov 2018 
    Family ID F1441  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Coat of Arms: Bohun
    Coat of Arms: Bohun
    Crusaders
    Crusaders

  • Notes 
    • Birth and Parentage
      Humphrey (V) de Bohun, Knight, son and heir of Henry de Bohun and his wife Maud of Essex, was born about 1200. The date is based on his being of age in 1221.[1]

      Hereditary Titles
      Humphrey is referred to as 2nd Earl of Hereford by many sources including Wikipedia. [2] [3] He is referred to as the 6th Earl of Hereford by Richardson.[1]. In fact, Humphrey was the 2nd earl of the 3rd creation of the title, and the 6th earl of Hereford overall. In such cases we follow Complete Peerage as the gold standard for English titles. Complete Peerage numbers him as Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford.[4]

      In fact, the title "Earl of Hereford" was created and dissolved a number of times, both before and after the Norman Conquest of 1066.[5] There were three incumbents prior to the Norman Conquest, the last of whom, Earl Harold Godwinson became King Harold II, and was defeated by William the Conqueror. The title was then created three times following the Norman Conquest. Humphrey is the second Earl in the 6th Creation, the 6th earl of Hereford since the Norman Conquest, and the 9th earl of Hereford in all.

      For similar reasons, Humphrey is most often referred to as the 1st Earl of Essex, but referred to as the 7th Earl of Essex by Richardson.

      Humphrey also inherited the title Constable of England. [1].

      He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward, later to be Edward I of England. He served as High Sheriff of Kent for 1239–1240.[6]

      Succeeded his father as Earl of Hereford, and possessing the honor of Essex through his mother, was created Earl of that county by Henry III, at whose marriage he performed the office of marshal in the king's house, and in three years afterwards in the year 1239, was one of the godfathers at the font, for Edward, eldest son of the King, there being no less than nine sponsors on the occasion, five temporal and four spiritual lords. He was Lord High Constable of England. In 1250 he took up the cross and proceeded to the Holy Land. In three years afterwards, he was present, with other peers, when that formal curse was denounced in Westminster Hall, with bell, book, and candle, against the violators of the Magna Charta; in which year he founded the church of the Fryers Augustines, in Broad-street, within the city of London. In the great contest between the King and the barons, he fought for the latter at Evesham, where he was taken prisoner, but he did not long continue in bondage, for we find him soon after again in favor, and receiving new grants from the crown.

      1220 Death of Father and Accession to Earldom
      His father died in June 1220, and in June the following year, at the petition of King Alexander of Scotland and the barons of England, Humphrey was permitted to succeed to the family estates, concentrated for the most part in the Welsh marches and in Wiltshire, including the castle of Caldicot in Monmouthshire and a share of the honour of Trowbridge.

      1225 Magna Carta Reissue
      In February 1225 Humphrey witnessed the reissue of Magna Carta as Earl of Hereford, and his title to the third penny of the county of Hereford was confirmed in October 1225, presumably at the same time that he was belted as earl.

      1227 Earl of Essex
      After the death of his uncle, William de Mandeville, his mother's brother, in 1227, he was created Earl of Essex. [3]

      1227 Quarrel with the KIng
      In 1227 he joined Richard of Cornwall in his quarrel with the king. [3]

      1228
      Constable of the Exchequer, 1228,

      1236 Marshal at Coronation of Queen Eleanor
      He served as Marshal of the household at the coronation of Queen Eleanor in 1236 and at the christening of Prince Edward in 1239 he was one of the sponsors. [3]

      1236 Marriage to Maud de Lusignan
      About the same year, 1236, he married Maud, daughter of Raoul (Ralph) I of Lusignan, Comte d'Eu and his second wife Alix d'Eu, 8th Comtesse d'Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings. [2]

      Because Maud is an English form of the Norman name Matilda, and Lusignan a city in the County of Eu, she is known variously as Maud of Eu, Maud d'Eu, Matilda de Lusignan, etc. She was born about 1210 and died 14 August 1241, with burial at Llanthony Abbey, Gloucester. [2]

      Public Life
      He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward, later to be Edward I of England. [2]
      He served as High Sheriff of Kent for 1239–1240.[2]
      He took part in Henry's French expedition of 1242, but retired with other nobles in disgust at the king's partiality to the foreigners. In 1244 he aided in repressing a Welsh rising on the marches/borders. [3]

      In 1246 he joined in the letter of remonstrance from the English peers to Pope Innocent IV. [3]

      He was present in the parliament of 1248 and two years later went on a crusade to the Holy Land. [3]

      Constable of Dover Castle and Warden of Cinque Ports, 1239-41[1]
      Sheriff of Kent, 1239-41[1]
      Warden of the Marches of Wales, 1245,[1]
      1242 Second Marriage to Maud de Avenbury
      After the death of his first wife on 14 August 1241, he married, secondly Maud de Avenbury. They had two sons, John and Miles, knights. [1]

      He married #2. Maud de Avesbury, by whom he had a son John, Lord of Haresfield. [3]

      Humphrey married secondly, Maud de Avenbury [2] who died on 8 October 1273 at Sorges in the Dordogne.

      1250 Crusade
      In 1250 he took the cross and went to the Holy Land as a crusader. [1]

      Public Life
      In 1252 he defended Simon de Montfort in 1252. [3]

      In 1257 he had custody of part of the Welsh marches and was in the Welsh war. He joined the barons who formed the confederation for redress of grievances in 1258, and he had a share in the settlement of the government under the Provisions of Oxford, being one of the original commissioners, and subsequently one of the council of fifteen. [3]

      He was Privy Councillor in 1258.[1]

      1258 Provisions of Oxford
      In 1258 he was one of the 24 councillors to draw up the Provisions of Oxford, being chosen one of the original commissioners, and subaqeuently one of the council of fifteen. [1]

      In 1258, after returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Humphrey fell away, like his father, from the royal to the baronial cause. He served as a nominee of the opposition on the committee of twenty-four which was appointed, in the Oxford parliament of that year, to create the Provisions of Oxford to reform the administration. It was only the alliance of Montfort with Llewelyn of North Wales that brought the earl of Hereford back to his allegiance. Humphrey V headed the first secession of the Welsh Marchers from the party of the opposition (1263), and was amongst the captives whom the Montfortians took at the Battle of Lewes. [2]

      The earl's son and namesake was on the victorious side, and shared in the defeat of Evesham, which he did not long survive. Humphrey V was, therefore, naturally selected as one of the twelve arbitrators to draw up the Dictum of Kenilworth (1266), by which the disinherited rebels were allowed to make their peace. [2]

      Public Life
      He was Constable of Haye, Huntingdon and Tregruk Castles [1]

      In 1260 he was an itinerant justice for the counties of Gloucester, Worcester, and Hereford. [3]

      In 1261 he was Justice of Assize at Cardiff.[1]

      In 1263 he was Chief Captain of the Ary in Wales.[1]

      In 1263 he supported the king against Simon de Montfort while his son Humphrey VI supported Simon. He was taken prisoner in the battle of Lewes in 1264. [3]

      1275 Death
      Sir Humphrey de Bohun, died testate 24 Sept 1275 and was buried before the high altar in the chapel of St. Kyneburg at Llanthony Abbey outside Gloucester. [1]

      In 1290 the remains of his second wife Maud, were removed from France by her son, John de Bohun, and reburied at Llanthony Abbey beside her husband. [1]

      Shortly before his death, Humphrey had conveyed the honour of Pleshey to his younger son, Henry de Bohun.

      The remainder of his estate passed to his grandson, Humphrey (VII) de Bohun (d. 1298), son and heir of Humphrey the younger, who had died in captivity on 27 October 1265, at Beeston Castle, near Chester.

      Dying in 1275, he was succeeded by his grandson Humphrey VII.[2]

      He was called "the Good" [3]

      Issue
      Children of Humphrey and Maud de Lusignan (Matilda)[2]
      Humphrey (VI) de Bohun, Knt. (predeceased his father in 1265, earldom passing through him to his son Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford)
      Henry de Bohun, Knt. In 1254 he was granted protection as long as he was on the king's service in Gascony. [1]
      Geoffrey de Bohun. Living, 1264. [1],
      (Master) Ralph de Bohun, Clerk, Rector of Debden, Essex... [1]
      Maud (Matilda) de Bohun, married (1) Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke; (2) Roger de Quincy, Knt, 2nd Earl of Winchester. [1]
      Alice de Bohun, married Roger V de Toeni. [1]
      Eleanor de Bohun, married Sir John de Verdun, Baron of Westmeath, of Alton Staffordshire. [1]
      Mary de Bohun. About 1250-60 shown as "Mary de Boun, daughter of Sir Humphrey de Boun, count of Hereford and Essex." [1]
      Children of Humphrey and Maud d'Avenbury[2]
      John de Bohun, Knt, of Haresfield, Elmore, and Harescombe, Gloucesershire, and, in right of his wife, of Salmanby, Lincolnshire, Elmsett, and Somersham, Suffolk, etc. Married John de Baa (or Bath, Bathe) [1]
      Sir Miles de Bohun, Knt, of Gussage Dynaunt, Dorset. [1]
      Sources
      ? 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: a Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2013, Volume 1, pages 410-415
      ? 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Wikipedia. Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Accessed April 28, 2015
      ? 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 Adec, Family History Library 929.273,C769w
      ? Cokayne, George Edward and H.A. Doubleday et. al eds. Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Vol. VI: Gordon to Hurstpierpoint, 2nd edition. (London, 1926): pages 459-462.
      ? Wikipedia. Earl of Hereford
      ? Wikipedia [1]
      Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson, Vol. II. page 522
      Cokayne, George Edward. The Complete Peerage Vol. 4, p. 689.
      Lewis, Marlyn, Our Royal Titled Noble and Commoner Ancestors.
      Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
      Phillimore, W.P.W & Fry, George S. Abstracts of Gloucestershire Inquisitiones Post Mortem Returned Into the Court of Chancery (British Record Society, London, 1893) Part IV. 20 Henry III. to 29 Edward I. 1236-1300, Page 93
      Richardson, Douglas, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2005, Vol 1., p. 228.
      Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Volume 1. p. 94
      MedLands.
      Magna Carta Ancestry 2011 2nd ed. Vol. I p. 228-234
      WikiTree profile De BOHUN-129 created through the import of FAMILY 6162011.GED on Jun 20, 2011 by Michael Stephenson. See the BOHUN-129 Changes page for the details of edits by Michael and others.
      The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom Extant, Extinct, or Dormant; first edition by George Edward Cokayne, Clarenceux King of Arms; 2nd edition revised by the Hon. Vicary Gibbs et al.
      Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bohun". Encyclopædia Britannica 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 137