Gilbert de Clare

Gilbert de Clare

Male 1100 - 1148  (48 years)

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  • Name Gilbert de Clare 
    Born 1100  Tunbridge, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 Jan 1148  Tintern Abbey, Chapel Hill, Monmouthshire, Englan Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I4550  avefamily
    Last Modified 24 Nov 2018 

    Father Gilbert FitzRichard De Clare,   b. 21 Sep 1065, Tunbridge, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 17 Nov 1114, Winterbourne Monkton, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Mother Adelisa Beauvais De Claremont,   b. Abt 1065, Picardy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1124, Clare, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Family ID F1483  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Isabel de Beaumont 
    +1. Richard FitzGilbert de Clare,   b. Abt 1130, Tunbridge, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 20 Apr 1176, Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 46 years)
    Last Modified 18 Nov 2018 
    Family ID F1427  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Coat of Arms: de Clare
    Coat of Arms: de Clare

  • Notes 
    • Gilbert fitz Gilbert de Clare (c.1100 - 6 Jan 1148/9), son of Gilbert FitzRichard and Alice de Claremont, was sometimes referred to as "Strongbow", although his son is better remembered by this name, was the first Earl of Pembroke from 1138.
      Gilbert de Clare, 2nd son of Gilbert de Tonebruge, feudal Lord of Clare, and brother of Richard de Clare, 1st Earl of Hertford[2][3]
      built 2 strong castles[2]
      1138: created Earl of Pembroke by King Stephen.[2][4]

      Gilbert (FitzGilbert) de Clare [5][6] [7]
      1st Earl of Pembroke[5]
      Birth 21 SEP 1100 Tunbridge, Kent[5][7][8]
      Death 1149 England[5]
      Burial ABT 1149 Tintern Abbey, Chapel Hill, Monmouthshire[5][7]

      m. abt 1130 Isabel (Elizabeth) de BEAUMONT (c.1102 - c.1172)[9][2]
      dau. Basilia de CLARE
      Richard 'Strongbow' Fitzgilbert de CLARE
      Question: Did he also marry Rohese Giffard, possibly the mother of Avice
      Answer: No.
      Gilbert fitzGilbert de Clare did not marry Rohese Giffard, mother of Avice Clare. Rohese was Gilbert de Clare's paternal grandmother.

      The Anarchy

      After Stephen's defeat at Lincoln on 2 February 1141, Gilbert was among those who rallied to Empress Matilda when she recovered London in June, but he was at Canterbury when Stephen was recrowned late in 1141. He then joined Geoffrey's plot against Stephen, but when the conspiracy collapsed, he went back to Stephen, and was with him at the siege of Oxford late in 1142.

      In 1147 he rebelled when Stephen refused to give him the castles surrendered by his nephew Gilbert, 2nd Earl of Hertford, whereupon the King marched to his nearest castle and nearly captured him. However, the Earl appears to have made his peace with Stephen before his death the following year.


      ? Guillaume de Jumièges; Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey
      ? 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3
      Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, London, 1883, p. 120, Clare, Earls of Pembroke
      ? BURKE: having obtained from King Henry I a license to enjoy all the lands he should win in Wales, marched a large force Cardiganshire and brought the whole country under subjection.
      Stephen created him Earl of Pembroke, and gave him the rape and castle of Pevensey. Gilbert de Clare decided to live near the roof in the Great Hall so he could see what was going on at all times.
      ? 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Medieval Lands, database online, author Charles Cawley, (Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2006-2013), England, Earls created 1067, Chapter 10, Pembroke: A. EARLS of PEMBROKE 1138-[1185/86] (CLARE), Gilbert de Clare
      ? 7.0 7.1 7.2 Sources listed: LDS and
      Born at Tonbridge, Gilbert de Clare was a baron ... tenant-in-chief, obtaining estates of paternal uncles, Roger and Walter, which included baronies and castles of Bienfaite and Orbec in Normandy, Nether Gwent lordship, and Striguil castle (later Chepstow).
      m. Isabel de Beaumont (c. 102 - c.1172), around 1130, daughter of Sir Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Leicester, Count of Meulan, and Elizabeth de Vermandois.
      Isabel was previously the mistress of Henry I of England. She and Gilbert had 2 daughters (Agnes and Basilia) and two sons (Baldwin and Richard.);
      BURKE: He married Elizabeth, sister of Waleran, Earl of Mellent, and daughter of Robert, Earl of Leicester, and had issue, Richard, his successor, Baldwin, and Basilia. The earl died in 1149 and was succeeded by his elder son, Richard de Clare.
      "Royal Ancestry" 2013, Douglas Richardson Vol. II. p. 173
      "Royal Ancestry" 2013, Douglas Richardson Vol. IV. p. 336-339
      "Royal Ancestry" 2013, Douglas Richardson Vol. V. page 273
      Wikipedia: Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Pembroke

      2nd son; created 1st Earl of Pembroke 1138; nephew of Roger and Walter; uncle of Gilbert, 1st Earl of Hertford; married Isabel (Elizabeth) Beaumont (1107)
      It appears probable that estimated birth dates for parents and children are 10-20 years too early--Michel L. Call
      Burke's Dormant and Extinct Peerage, p. 120