Hugh Le Despenser

Hugh Le Despenser

Male Abt 1290 - 1326  (~ 36 years)

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  • Name Hugh Le Despenser 
    Born Abt 1290  Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 24 Nov 1326  Hereford, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I4502  avefamily
    Last Modified 20 Nov 2018 

    Father Hugh Le Despenser,   b. 1 Mar 1261, Loughborough, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Oct 1326, Bristol, England (executed) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Mother Isabella de Beauchamp,   b. Abt 1268, Warwick, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 30 May 1306, Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 38 years) 
    Notes 
    • "the Elder". Favorite and chief adviser to King Edward II. Executed 1326.
    Family ID F1398  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Eleanor de Clare,   b. Bef 23 Nov 1292, Caerphilly Castle, Glamorganshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jun 1337, Gloucestershire, Englandmap Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years) 
    Notes 
    • "the Younger". Hanged, drawn and quartered.
    Children 
    +1. Edward Le Despenser,   b. 1310,   d. 30 Sep 1342, slain at Morlaix in Brittany (France) while serving on an expedition Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 32 years)
    Last Modified 20 Jun 2018 
    Family ID F1397  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1290 - Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Coat of Arms: Despenser
    Coat of Arms: Despenser

  • Notes 
    • Titles of Hugh le Despenser 2nd Lord le Despenser (Royal Ancestry):

      King's Chamberlain
      Constable of Odiham Castle
      Keeper of the Castle and town of Dryslwyn, and Cantref Mawr, Carmarthenshire
      Keeper of the Castle and town of Portchester
      Keeper of the Castle, town and barton of Bristol
      Keeper of the Castles, manor, and lands of Brecknock, Hay, Cantref Selyf, etc.. Breconshire, and Huntington, Herefordshire
      “Hugh was the notorious favourite of Edward II, king of England 1307-1327. He used the king’s infatuation with him to make himself the de facto ruler of England for much of the 1320s, and the richest man in the country, until his execution at Hereford in November 1326....Nothing in Hugh’s early life gives a hint of his later notoriety. He was born sometime between 1286 and 1290 (by way of comparison, Edward II was born in 1284)...."[1]

      Hugh le Despenser - husband of Eleanor de Clare, son of Hugh le Despenser by his wife Isabel Beauchamp, and father of Hugh le Despenser, who survived the 1326 defeat (and executions) of his father and grandfather, who had stood with Edward II against an uprising led by Edward's wife Isabella and her consort, Roger Mortimer, to place Edward's eldest son on the throne (Edward III).

      For information about his military and political life, see the biography that Wikipedia maintains for him. See also:
      Wikipedia's synopsis of the invasion
      Wikipedia's le Despenser page
      Birth
      1286,[2] circa 1290[3]
      Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, England[3]
      Family
      Parents[4]
      Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester (1262-1326),[2] Constable of Devizes, Marlborough, Odiham, St. Briavel's, & Striguil Castles.[5] He was born March 1, 1260/1 and married Isabel de Beauchamp "between 10 Sept. 1285 (record of Highworth Hundred Rolls) and 27 Jan. 1287 (date of fine for marrying without license)."[4]
      Mother: Isabel (Isabella[6]) de Beauchamp,[4] daughter of Sir William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl Warwick, 6th Baron Beauchamp and Maud FitzJohn.[5] Isabel had previously been married to "Patrick de Chaworth, Knt., of Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, Wales.... He died testate shortly before 7 July 1283."[4]
      Hugh le Despenser and Isabel (Beauchamp) had 2 sons and 4 daughters:[4]
      Sir Hugh, 2nd Lord Despenser[4][5]
      Sir Philip,[5] husband of Margaret de Goushill[4]
      Aline, wife of Sir Edward, Lord Burnell[5]
      Isabel, wife of Gilbert de Clare, of Sir John, 1st Lord Hastings, & of Sir Ralph, 1st Lord Monthermer[5]
      Margaret, wife of Sir John, 2nd Lord St. Amand[5]
      Elizabeth, wife of Sir Ralph, Lord Camoys[5]
      Wife
      Sir Hugh, 2nd Lord Despenser, married Eleanor (or Alianore) de Clare[7] circa 14 June 1306 at Westminster, London, Middlesex, England.[3]
      Alianore, born in Caerphilly, Glamorganshire, Wales "shortly before 23 Nov. 1292 (date of her mother's churching)",[4] was the daughter of Sir Gilbert de Clare, 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, 3rd Earl of Gloucester by his wife Joan Plantagenet.[3]
      Children
      Hugh and his wife Eleanor (Clare)[8] had five sons and five daughters:[3]
      Hugh le Despenser,[9] son and heir born about 1308; Knt., 3rd Lord Despenser, lord of Glamorgan and Morgannwg, Wales...; married Elizabeth de Montagu, widow of Giles de Badlesmere, Knt. (Hugh and Elizabeth had no issue.) Hugh's widow m Guy de Bryan.[4]
      Edward le Despenser, Knt., married Anne de Ferrers, daughter of William de Ferrers, Knt., by his first wife, daughter of John de Segrave, Knt.[4]
      Gilbert le Despenser, Knt.[4]
      John le Despenser[4]
      Philip le Despenser[4]
      Isablel le Despenser, married Richard de Arundel, Knt., 10th Earl of Arundel[4]
      Joan le Despenser, a nun at Shaftesbury Abbey[4]
      Eleanor le Despenser, a nun at Sempringham Priory[3]
      Margaret le Despenser, a nun at Whaton Priory[3]
      Elizabeth le Despenser, married (1) Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Lord Berkeley and (2) Maurice Wythe, Knt. of Portbury, Somerset[4]
      Death
      Death: Executed by disembowelment at Hereford, Herefordshire, England with his body quartered and sent to various parts of the kingdom
      Executed as a traitor (see "The Death of a Traitor") November 24, 1326 at Hereford:

      "Hanged; then, his head was set up on London Bridge, his quarters were hung up at Dover, Bristol, York, and Newcastle. His parts were eventually collected and buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire."[3]
      "The execution of Hugh Despenser the Younger can be seen in the background." (from the caption for the illustration on Wikipedia's "The Aftermath of the Despenser War")
      See also Lady Despensers Scribery republication of "Hugh Despenser’s Execution at Hereford 24th November 1326"
      Sources
      ? Brief excerpt from a biography by Alianore, © 2006, posted by Susan Higginbotham (a writer of historical fiction).
      ? 2.0 2.1 le Despenser
      ? 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7
      Source #OurHugh2: Sir Hugh le Despenser, 2nd Lord le Despenser, "Our Royal, Titled, Noble, and Commoner Ancestors & Cousins" (website, compiler Mr. Marlyn Lewis, Portland, OR)
      ? 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15
      Source #MCA1: Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry (2011)
      ? 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7
      Source #OurHugh1: Sir Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester, "Our Royal, Titled, Noble, and Commoner Ancestors & Cousins" (website, compiler Mr. Marlyn Lewis, Portland, OR)
      ? Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester
      ? Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord Despenser
      ? Eleanor (Clare) le Despenser, Hugh's widow, married William la Zouche Mortimer and had two sons (Hugh and William) by him
      ? Hugh le Despencer, 2nd Baron "le Despencer"
      Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. II p. 443-448
      MCA1: Richardson, Douglas: Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Royal Ancestry series, 2nd edition, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham, (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2011), p 64 #5. Isabel de Beauchamp; Volume 2, page 67; Volume 2, page 175, FISHER 10.
      Leslie Stephen, Sir Sidney Lee (eds), Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 1, Hugh le Despenser, p 337
      Weis, Frederick Lewis. The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, 4th ed. (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1991)
      OurHugh2: Sir Hugh le Despenser, 2nd Lord le Despenser, "Our Royal, Titled, Noble, and Commoner Ancestors and Cousins" (website, compiler Mr. Marlyn Lewis, Portland, OR; accessed April 27, 2015). Hugh le Despenser married Alianore de Clare
      OurHugh1: Sir Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester, "Our Royal, Titled, Noble, and Commoner Ancestors and Cousins" (website, compiler Mr. Marlyn Lewis, Portland, OR; accessed April 27, 2015). Hugh le Despenser married Isabel de Beauchamp. See footnotes on that page for specifics on source citations from:
      Richardson's Magna Carta Ancestry (#MCA1), Plantagenet Ancestry, and Royal Ancestry
      "Unknown author, The Complete Peerage, by Cokayne, Vol. IV, p. 262-266; Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 by F. L. Weis, 4th Ed., p. 3."
      Wikipedia: Hugh Despenser the Younger (accessed April 27, 2015)
      Battle Abbey Roll
      Our Family Genealogy Pages, "Lord Hugh "The Younger" LE DESPENCER"
      Britannica: Despenser Family
      The Descendants of King Edward I, King of England, and Eleanora of Castile: Edward
      Castles of interest:
      Hanley (see also Hanley Castle Parish)
      Cardiff Castle (Wikipedia)
      Caerphilly Castle (Wikipedia)
      Kenilworth Castle (Wikipedia)
      The Greatest Traitor - The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer Ruler of England 1327-1330, by Ian Mortimer (pub. 2005) - details the lives and executions of Hugh le Despenser, Elder and Younger, as cronies of the despotic King Edward II.
      Children listed as Hugh, Edward, Gilbert and Philip in 1619 Visitations of the county of Warwick, taken by William Camden (see p 283, p 284 - note that the scanned pages are out of order)