King Alfred the Great

King Alfred the Great

Male Abt 849 - 899  (~ 50 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Alfred the Great  
    Title King 
    Born Abt 9 May 849  Wantage,Berkshire, Wessex, England (?) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 26 Oct 899  Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I4385  avefamily
    Last Modified 21 Nov 2018 

    Family Ealhswith Mercia,   b. 852, Mercia, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Dec 902, St. Mary's Abbey, Winchester, Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Eadweard Wessex,   b. Abt 871, Wessex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jul 924, Farndon-on-Dee, Farrington, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 53 years)
    +2. Ælfthryth of Wessex,   b. Abt 877, Wessex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jun 929, Flanders, bur. Ghent, St. Pieter Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years)
    Last Modified 21 Nov 2018 
    Family ID F1459  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Alfred, King of the Anglo-Saxons
    Alfred, King of the Anglo-Saxons
    Royalty
    Royalty

  • Notes 
    • Alfred the Great succeeded his brother, Athelred (d.871). He is known for protecting Wessex from the Viking invasion, but never became, "king of all the English," since the Danes held most of the North and the East.[1]
      He pushed back the Viking incursions, and relieved neighboring kingdoms from the Danish threat, following his victory at the Battle of Ethandun in 878.[2] He re-established Anglo-Saxon rule over the western half of Mercia. The introduction of Danelaw divided Mercia in half, giving control of the eastern portion to the Danes.[3]
      Vitals
      Ælfred (Alfred) "The Great" of Wessex[4][5]
      Rex Anglorum et Saxonum (King of the English and Saxons)
      b. c.847 Wantage (?)[1]
      d. 26 Oct 899 Winchester (?)[1][6]
      bur. Winchester[1]
      reinterred: 1110 Hyde Abbey[7]
      Alfred the Great was originally buried at Old Minster, Winchester, later moved to New Minster and then Hyde Abbey. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burial_places_of_British_royalty

      Parents
      Æthelwulf and Osburh m. abt 837[8] Issue: 6[9]
      Æthelstan[10]
      Æthelbald[11]
      Æthelbert[12]
      Æthelred[13]
      Alfred the Great[14]
      Æthelswith m. Burgred, King of Mercia.[15]
      Marriage and Issue
      m. 868 Ealhswith[1][16] Issue: 5 or 6.
      Edward the Elder[17] (c. 874 -17 July 924) m.1 Ecgwynn; m.2 Ælfflæd; m.3 919 Eadgifu
      Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians (d.12 Jun 918) m. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians
      Æthelgifu, Abbess of Shaftesbury[18]
      Æthelweard (d.16 Oct 922?)
      Ælfthryth or Elfreda (d.929) m. Baldwin II, Count of Flanders[1] (d. 918)[19]
      Timeline
      871: King of the West Saxons[20]
      By 886: captured London.[21]
      after 878: Treaty of Wedmore[1]
      after 878 - 885: Peace mostly reigned[22]
      893 - 897: war with Danes of East Anglia[1]
      Research Notes
      The following children are currently linked on Wikitree; some are verified as children of Alfred and others are not:

      Verified

      Æthelflæda of Wessex, daughter, born 869. Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians (d.12 Jun 918) m. Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians
      Eadweard of Wessex, son, born 871. of England. Edward the Elder[23] (c. 874 -17 July 924) m.1 Ecgwynn; m.2 Ælfflæd; m.3 919 Eadgifu
      Æthelgifu of Wessex, daughter, born 875. Æthelgifu, Abbess of Shaftesbury[24]
      Ælfthryth of Wessex, daughter, born 877. Ælfthryth or Elfreda (d.929) m. Baldwin II, Count of Flanders[1] (d. 918)[25]
      Æthelweard of Wessex. son, born 879. England Æthelweard (d.16 Oct 922?)
      Not Verified

      Eadmund of Wessex, son, born 873
      Edward Cumbe, son, born 874
      Athelstan of Wessex, son, born 878. Probably same as Aethelstan of Wessex, King of England, who was son of Edward the Elder and grandson of Alfred.
      Sources
      ? 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Ashley, 2008
      ? a.k.a. Battle of Edington btw 06 - 12 May AD 878
      ? Category: 9th Century
      ? References:
      1. Anglo-Saxon Bishops, Kings & Nobles, Eng. 104, p. 300, 342, 343
      2. Royal Line of Succession, A16-A225, p. 6
      3. Hist. Eng. P, 1949, pref. p. 151
      4. George's Hist. Tab., Eng. 102, Tab. 1
      5. Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt. 1, p. 96, 97
      6. Anderson's Royal Genealogies, Eng. 130, p. 738
      7. The Plantagenet Ancestry, Eng. 116, p. 21
      ? Alfred is the only English King to be called "The Great."
      ? Wikipedia; cause unknown: possibly poor health / Crohn's disease (Alfred the Great- a diagnosis. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov).
      ? thought new Minister was built for his remains, so he was reinterred there. Reburied by monks when Minister moved to Hyde Abbey, along with wife and kids in great procession. See: Summary of Hyde Community Archaeology Project.
      Wed 27 Mar: bones exhumed. kept by church while academia verifies remains. See Guardian.
      ? alias: Osburga; dau. Oslac
      ? 5 sons, 1 dau. Each son, except Æthelstan, succeeded to the throne.
      ? King of Kent, Prince of Wessex
      received Kent, Essex, Surrey and Sussex
      Æthelstan is not Athelstan the Glorious.
      ? King of England, b. ABT 834, King of Wessex
      ? King of England, b. ABT 836, King of Wessex
      ? King of England, b. CIR 840 King of Wessex
      ? King West Saxons, b. 849
      ? child bride
      ? Father: Mercian nobleman (Ashley, 2008), Æthelred Mucil, Ealdorman of the Gaini. Mother: Eadburh, member of the Mercian royal family (Ashely, 2008).
      ? King of the West Saxons: 899-924 (Ashley, 2008)
      ? Wikipedia: Shaftesbury Abbey
      ? mother was Osburga dau. Oslac of the Isle of Wight, Chief Butler of England.
      ? when his brother, Ethelred, died.
      ? after 878AD regarded as "overlord of the English" (Ashely, 2008).
      ? Except for 885 AD skirmish with Danes (Ashley, 2008).
      ? King of the West Saxons: 899-924 (Ashley, 2008)
      ? Wikipedia: Shaftesbury Abbey
      ? mother was Osburga dau. Oslac of the Isle of Wight, Chief Butler of England.
      (Editors Note: Ashley and Searle are verified sources, and used as parentheticals. They do not belong under "See also.")

      Ashley, M. (2008). A Brief History of British Kings and Queens, (pp.29 - 32). Philadelphia: Running Press Book Publishers. Print.
      Searle, W.G. (1899). Anglo-Saxon Bishops, Kings, and Nobles, (pp.343). Cambridge University Press. London: C.J. Clay & Sons. archive.org.
      Burke, Bernard. Royal Descents and Pedigrees of Founders Kin (Harrison, London, 1864) Page 1-9

      Asser (1969), "Life of King Alfred", in J. A. Giles, Memorials of King Alfred: being essays on the history and antiquities of England during the ninth century, the age of King Alfred, by various authors, Burt Franklin research & source works series (287), New York: Burt Franklin

      Asser (1983), "Life of King Alfred", in Keynes, Simon; Lapidge, Michael, Alfred the Great: Asser's Life of King Alfred & Other Contemporary Sources, Penguin Classics, pp. 67–112

      Attenborough, F.L. Tr., ed. (1922). The laws of the earliest English kings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.