John Buckner

John Buckner

Male 2 Feb 1630/31 - BEF. 10 Feb 1694/95

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  • Name John Buckner 
    Born 2 Feb 1630/31  Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died BEF. 10 Feb 1694/95  Essex Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1142  avefamily
    Last Modified 12 Oct 2007 

    Father Thomas Buckner,   b. 20 Feb 1589/90, St. Aldate's Parish, Oxford, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 May 1645, St Mary's Parish, Cumnor, Berk. England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Jane Alice Page,   b. ABT. 1600, St Mary's Parish, Cumnor, Berk. England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married UNKNOWN  Unknown Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F280  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Deborah Ferrers,   b. AFT. 1642, West Wickham, Berkshire Co., England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 10 Sep 1661  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Richard Buckner,   b. ABT. 1662, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Mar 1732/33, Caroline Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID F279  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - BEF. 10 Feb 1694/95 - Essex Co., VA Link to Google Earth
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  • Notes 
    • "...John Buckner who came to Virginia in 1661 from Oxford, England. He brought the first printing press to the Colonies in 1682." He introduced the first printing press to Virginia. He resided in Gloucester Co., VA. He was educated in Oxford, England. He immigrated in 1667 to Virginia. So we say that John the Immigrant was a son of Thomas son of Hugh. This may or may not be correct. Quoting again from "Colonial Caroline" we find the following: "Through sheer ownership of property Richard Buckner qualified as a great landlord, but instead of blindly following this group, he wavered like his father before him, between being their partisan and a champion of the plain people. HE WAS THE THIRD GENERATION OF BUCKNERS TO OWN ACREAGE IN THE AREA THAT IS CAROLINE COUNTY. THIS GRANDFATHER ANTHONY received a joint grant with that old speculator, Lawrence Smith of 4972 acres south of the Rappahannock in 1671. ..Control of this vast acreage, however, failed to align [HIS FATHER],with the feudalistic aristocrats. Instead of joining them, he smuggled into Virginia the colony's first printing press and in 1681 printed an abridgement of the colonial laws, which he circulated, that all who were literate might learn the law and demand their rights. Both, to own a press and to print without a license, were felonies" (p. 60). John was then summoned to Jamestown to answer for his crimes. He was ultimately punished by losing his press and posting a one hundred pound note to print no more. The chapter goes on to say that Richard was somewhat of a snob.

      William Nuthead sponsored by John Buckner, set up in Gloucester County a press (the second to be established in America) and in 1682 printed two sheets of the Acts of the Virginia Assembly. Though Berkeley had been recalled to England, a spirit of intolerance toward 'liberty of presses' persisted. Buckner was summoned for this printing of the Laws, and Charles II ordered in 1683 that no person use any press in the colony.

      Massachusetts had set up a printing press in 1639, but it was 1704 before any newspaper was regularly published in the colonies and 1763 before a daily paper appeared regularly.

      Re. "Marlfield", Gloucester Co., Va.
      Marlfield in upper Gloucester Co., Va. was built by John Buckner. It was there that he housed the first printing press in America. John Buckner was Clerk of Gloucester Co. and angered Virginia's governor, Lord Culpepper, for printing the Laws of 1680 without a license. He was fined in 1682 for this.

      Marlfield had a center hall with a room on either side on one end and 2 rooms above then on a second story. The brick house had a total of 4 rooms and two long halls. In 1779/80 the house was owned by Catseby Jones who added a wing, making the building T shaped.

      John Buckner, Gent., the ancestor of a numerous family in the United States, patented 1,000 acres of land in Gloucester County in 1669, and became a merchant with wide connections in Maryland and Virginia. Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 1:406, and William and Mary College Quarterly, 7: 9, 10 and 11.

      in the year 1682, during the administration of Lord Culpeper, Mr. John Buckner, a merchant of Gloucester County, brought in a press and a printer and set up at Jamestown the second printing establishment of English America.
      Begun auspiciously enough, what seems to have been the first venture of this partnership met with such ill favor from the authorities as to discourage further attempts at printing in Virginia for many years. The action of the Virginia Council on hearing that Buckner's press was preparing to issue certain session laws is told in the following .record:3

      Att a Councell held att James Citty February 21: 1682/3. .....
      Mr. John Buckner being by his Excellency Thomas Lord Culpeper ordered to appear

      1 Hening, W. W., Statutes at Large ...of Virginia, 2: 517.

      JOHN BUCKNER, son of Thomas and Jane Buckner, was baptised 2 February 1631 at St. Mary's, London, England and died 1695. He married in 1661 to DEBORAH FERRER. John and Deborah were in Virginia by 1682. All of thier children are believed to be born in London.

      Issue:

      RICHARD BUCKNER, "of Essex COunty", born 1662. He married Elizabeth Cooke. His will proved 14 March 1733 in Caroline County, Virginia..
      JOHN BUCKNER, "of Gloucester County", died by 1733. He married Ann Ballard.
      ELIZABETH BUCKNER. She married James Williams.
      THOMAS BUCKNER.
      WILLIAM BUCKNER "of York County", died 1716. He married Catharine Ballard. His will proved 1 May 1716 in Yorktown. Thier issue: William died 1729, John died 1748 and Elizabeth married Drury Stith.