Family: Richard FitzAlan / Elizabeth (Bohun) de Arundel (F1401)



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  • Richard FitzAlanFather | Male
    Richard FitzAlan

    Born  1346   
    Died  1397   
    Buried     
    Married     
    Father   
    Mother   

    Elizabeth (Bohun) de ArundelMother | Female
    Elizabeth (Bohun) de Arundel

    Born     
    Died     
    Buried     
    Father   
    Mother   

    Joan (FitzAlan) de ArundelChild 1 | Female
    + Joan (FitzAlan) de Arundel

    Born  1375  Arundel Castle Find all individuals with events at this location
    Died  1435  Blackfriars, Hereford Find all individuals with events at this location
    Buried     
    Spouse  William Beauchamp | F1400 
    Married     

  • Notes 
    • from Wikitree:

      Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, 9th Earl of Surrey

      Vitals
      Richard Fitzalan[1][2]
      born: 25 MAR 1346 Arundel, Sussex[1]
      died: 21 SEP 1397 Beheaded Tower of London[1][3]
      buried: Church of the Augustin Friars, Bread Street, London

      Titles
      4th or 11th Earl of Arundel
      9th Earl of Surrey
      1386: Knight of the Garter (KG)[4] Admiral[5]
      one of the Lords Appellant (clique of nobles opposed to Richard II's favourites)

      Early Life
      parents: Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.[6] Issue.
      brother: Thomas Arundel, Bishop of Ely 1374 to 1388; Archbishop of York 1388 to 1397, Archbishop of Canterbury.

      Marriage
      05 FEB 1344/5 Ditton[1]
      Married first, 9 Sept 1359 Elizabeth Bohun daughter of William Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton [7] of the March 1336/7 creation
      Married second, 15 Aug 1390 Philippa Mortimer, daughter of 3rd Earl of March by Philippa,[8] only daughter of Lionel Duke of Clarence (2nd son of Edward III), and widow of 5th Lord (Baron) Hastings.
      He was attainted, his titles and lands being forfeited, and beheaded 21 Sep 1397 for his opposition to Richard II, having had no issue by her [Philippa].[9]

      Timeline
      At coronation of Richard II, in 1377, FitzAlan carried the crown. [10]
      1377: Admiral of West and South.
      1378: attacked Harfleur at Whitsun 1378, but forced to return to his ships by the defenders. Later, he and John of Gaunt attempted to seize Saint-Malo but were unsuccessful.
      closely aligned with Thomas, Duke of Gloucester -- uncle of King Richard II. Thomas opposed Richard II's desire for peace with France in the Hundred Years War and a power struggle ensued with Gloucester.
      1386: Richard II named him Admiral of England, as well as being made a Knight of the Garter.
      Aug 1386: King dismissed Gloucester and FitzAlan from Council[11]
      late 1386: Gloucester forced Richard II to name him and Richard FitzAlan to Richard's Council -- a Regency Council for Richard II -- but Richard limited duration of Council powers to one year.
      Mar 1387: As Admiral of England, he defeated a Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off Margate, along with Thomas de Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham.
      King summoned Gloucester and FitzAlan to meeting, but instead of coming, they raised troops and defeated the new Council at Radcot Bridge, taking the favorites prisoner. The Merciless Parliament the next year condemned the favorites. FitzAlan was one of the Lords Appellant who accused and condemned Richard II's favorites. He made himself particularly odious to Richard by refusing, along with Gloucester to spare the life of Sir Simon Burley who had been condemned by the Merciless Parliament, even though the queen, Anne of Bohemia went down on her knees before them to beg for mercy.
      1394: antagonized King by arriving late for queen's funeral ... Richard, in a rage snatched a wand and struck him in the face and drew blood. Shortly after, Richard feigned reconciliation.
      1388: named Governor of Brest
      1389: Peace with France, but FitzAlan followed Gloucester and stated he would not agree.

      Links
      Wikipedia: Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel
      Richardson, Douglas: Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd edn. (2011), 4 vols, (Volume 2, page 191, FITZALAN 7.
      Marlyn Lewis.

      Sources
      ? 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Weis, F.L. (1999). The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, (5th ed, pp.19-7,121-6, 134-7). Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, ed. n.p.
      ? Ancestral File Number: 8JDQ-LQ
      ? On 12 July 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, as well as plotting with Gloucester to imprison the king. He stood trial at Westminster and was attainted. He was beheaded on 21 September 1397 and was buried in the church of the Augustin Friars, Bread Street, London. Tradition holds that his final words were said to the executioner, "Torment me not long, strike off my head in one blow". In October of 1400, the attainder was reversed, and Richard's son Thomas succeeded to his father's estates and honors.
      ? Knights of the Garter (Heraldica list)
      ? 1377: Admiral of the West and South 1377; 1386: all England
      ? succeeded father 24 Jan 1376
      ? Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol II, page 610
      ? Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol II, page 611
      ? Burke's Peerage
      ? Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol II, page 611
      ? replaced them with his favourites - including Archbishop of York, Alexander Neville, Duke of Ireland Robert de Vere, Michael de la Pole the Earl of Suffolk, Sir Robert Tresilian who was the Chief Justice, and the former Mayor of London Nicholas Brembre.
      Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. IV page 188
      Richardson, Royal Ancestry (2013) Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham, (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2013), volume II, page 210 -211 #12
      ROYAL ANCESTRY by Douglas Richardson Vol. IV page 175
      Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants to the American Colonies: Roberts' Royal Descents. Gary Boyd Roberts. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore
      Weis, F.L. (1999). The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, (5th ed). Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, ed. n.p.
      Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999. Page: 2098
      Internet posting, Burkes Peerage and Landed Gentry
      Beltz, George. Memorials of the Order of the Garter (William Pickering, London, 1841) Page 303-307